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Numerical simulation of two-phase flow behavior in venturi scrubber by interface tracking method

Yoshida, Hiroyuki ; Horiguchi, Naoki; Abe, Yutaka*

From the viewpoint of protecting a containment and suppressing the diffusion of radioactive materials in accident of nuclear power plants, it is important to develop the device which allows a filtered venting of contaminated high pressure gas. In the filtered venting system that used in European reactors, so called Multi Venturi Scrubbers System is used to realize filtered venting without any power supply. This system is able to define to be composed of Venturi Scrubbers (VS) and a bubble column. In the VS, scrubbing of contaminated gas is promoted by both gas releases through the submerged VS and gas-liquid contact with splay flow. However, the scrubbing mechanism of the VS is understood insufficiently. Therefore, we started numerical and experimental study to understand the two-phase flow behavior in the VS. In this paper, we performed numerical simulations of two-phase flow behavior in the VS by the TPFIT. In the first step, we perform numerical simulations of supersonic flow by the TPFIT to validate the applicability of the TPFIT for high velocity flow in the VS. In the second step, numerical simulation of two-phase flow behavior in the VS including self-priming phenomena. As the results, dispersed flow in the VS was reproduced in the numerical simulation, as same as the visualization experiments.

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