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Report No.
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Operational quantities and new approach by ICRU

Endo, Akira  

The protection quantities, equivalent dose in an organ or tissue and effective dose, were developed by ICRP to allow quantification of the extent of exposure of the human body to ionizing radiation to be used for the implementation of the limitation and optimization principles. The body-related protection quantities are not measurable in practice. Therefore, ICRU developed a set of operational dose quantities for use in radiation measurements for external radiations that provide assessment of the protection quantities. ICRU has examined the rationale for operational quantities taking into account the changes in the definitions of the protection quantities in the ICRP 2007 Recommendations. The committee has investigated a set of alternative definitions for operational quantities different to the existing quantities. The major change in the currently favoured set of quantities is the redefinition of the operational quantities for area monitoring from being based on doses at a point in the ICRU sphere to ones based on particle fluence and the relationship to the protection quantities.

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