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Report No.
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Development of non-destructive assay system using fast neutron direct interrogation method for actual uranium waste drums

Ozu, Akira ; Komeda, Masao  ; Kureta, Masatoshi ; Zaima, Naoki; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Nakashima, Shinichi 

A non-destructive assay system using the fast neutron direct interrogation method has been developed to put its method into practical use for the determination of uranium ($$^{235}$$U) mass contained in actual uranium-contaminated waste drums. The method is capable of measuring the fissile mass in a drum by counting the number of fission neutrons resulting from nuclear fission reactions between the fissile materials contained in a drum and thermal neutrons generated by 14 MeV fast neutrons irradiated from outside the drum. The performance test employing simulated metal waste drums demonstrated that a natural uranium mass of as low as 10 g could be detected within an error of $$pm$$20% regardless of the distribution of uranium samples in the drum. A demonstration test employing actual waste drums could determine the uranium mass by using a newly developed correction method for deriving the fissile mass in a drum. It has been proved by the experimental validation tests that the assay system equipped with the correction method is very useful for the accountancy of the waste drums.

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