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Report No.

Live cell imaging study on biological effects induced by X-ray microbeam irradiation

Kaminaga, Kiichi; Kanari, Yukiko*; Sakamoto, Yuka*; Noguchi, Miho; Narita, Ayumi*; Fujii, Kentaro; Usami, Noriko*; Kobayashi, Katsumi*; Suzuki, Keiji*; Yokoya, Akinari

We performed selective exposure to HeLa-Fucci cells of a specific cell cycle using synchrotron X-ray microbeam. The results suggested that, not only the irradiated, but also non-irradiated cells surrounding the exposed cells also undergo cell cycle arrest as a consequence of a novel "bystander" effect. When irradiated to spheroids of the HeLa-Fucci cells as a model of 3D cellular tissues, we have succeeded to track the cell cycle modulations in the spheroid using a confocal microscopy. Further we performed sub-cellular irradiation to target a cell nucleus or cytoplasm to look at the effect on mitochondria in human fibroblast cells stained with a specific chemical. Even when the nucleus was irradiated, the potential of mitochondria was enhanced for 12 h. It is inferred that not only DNA damage repair but also certain responses to cellular damage might need excess production of ATP. These clearly show that the live cell imaging appears to be a promising method for single cell tracking.



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