検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Concentration and characterization of organic colloids in deep granitic groundwater using nanofiltration membranes for evaluating radionuclide transport

放射性元素の移動プロセスを評価するための、ナノフィルターろ過手法による花崗岩地下水中の有機コロイドの濃縮・同定

青才 大介*; 佐伯 大輔*; 岩月 輝希 ; 松山 秀人*

Aosai, Daisuke*; Saeki, Daisuke*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsuyama, Hideto*

地下水中の有機コロイドの濃縮回収方法を確立するため、逆浸透膜を用いた従来法に加えて、ナノサイズの限外濾過手法について検討を行った。その結果、逆浸透膜法において濃縮に伴う溶存成分の析出が起こる試料に対して、ナノサイズの限外濾過手法を用いて、溶存成分を析出させずに濃縮する手法を構築できた。この手法を用いて、瑞浪超深地層研究所の地下水を濃縮、分析した結果、地下水中の有機コロイドが腐植化の進んだ有機物であることが明らかになった。

To analyze organic colloids in deep groundwater, concentration techniques using adsorption resins and reverse osmosis membranes have been widely applied, because their concentrations in deep groundwater are very low and detection of the organic colloids in raw groundwater is difficult. However, these techniques have respective disadvantages such as chemical disturbance and membrane fouling caused by cations. To overcome their disadvantages, we propose a new concentration method using nanofiltration membranes to concentrate organic colloids rapidly without chemical disturbance and to selectively remove monovalent and divalent ions, which may cause inorganic and/or organic fouling. Concentration performance of the NF and RO membranes for aqueous solutions for humic acids was evaluated using a laboratory-scale membrane test unit. The time course of permeate flux and concentration of humic acids were measured. These membranes were applied to the concentration of actual groundwater.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

パーセンタイル:11.59

分野:Chemistry, Physical

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.