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Report No.
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High-resolution crystal structures of the solubilized domain of porcine cytochrome $$b_{5}$$

Hirano, Yu; Kimura, Shigenobu*; Tamada, Taro

Mammalian microsomal cytochrome $$b_{5}$$ has multiple electron-transfer partners that function in various electron-transfer reactions. Four crystal structures of the solubilized haem-binding domain of cytochrome $$b_{5}$$ from porcine liver were determined at sub-angstrom resolution (0.76-0.95 ${AA}$) in two crystal forms for both the oxidized and reduced states. The high-resolution structures clearly displayed the electron density of H atoms in some amino-acid residues. Unrestrained refinement of bond lengths revealed that the protonation states of the haem propionate group may be involved in regulation of the haem redox properties. The haem Fe coordination geometry did not show significant differences between the oxidized and reduced structures. However, structural differences between the oxidized and reduced states were observed in the hydrogen-bond network around the axial ligand His68. The hydrogen-bond network could be involved in regulating the redox states of the haem group.

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Category:Biochemical Research Methods

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