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Report No.

Analysis of US policy on nuclear cooperation agreements

Tazaki, Makiko; Suda, Kazunori; Tamai, Hiroshi

Since the enactment of the US Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978, the US government has concluded nuclear cooperation agreements with other states (123 agreement) containing 9 nuclear non-proliferation conditions, in accordance with the 123 a. of the US Atomic Energy Act. Especially in the 21st century, 123 agreements can be analyzed as more detailed and diversified, due to the US government's case-by-case approach to 123 agreements, considering changes in international circumstances on nuclear proliferation concerns and expansion of peaceful use of nuclear energy. In this study, current US policy towards 123 agreements is analyzed through comparisons of various 123 agreements, particularly focusing on US approach to 9 nuclear nonproliferation conditions in the 123 agreements in the 21st century and also considering the other states' current environment on nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear energy utilization.



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