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Thickness-dependent ferromagnetic metal to paramagnetic insulator transition in La$$_{0.6}$$Sr$$_{0.4}$$MnO$$_3$$ thin films studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Shibata, Goro*; Yoshimatsu, Kohei*; Sakai, Enju*; Singh, V. R.*; Verma, V.*; Ishigami, Keisuke*; Harano, Takayuki*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Sawa, Akihito*; Kumigashira, Hiroshi*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Koide, Tsuneharu*; Fujimori, Atsushi

Metallic transition-metal oxides undergo a metal-to-insulator transition (MIT) as the film thickness decreases across a critical thickness of several monolayers (MLs), but its driving mechanism remains controversial. We have studied the thickness-dependent MIT of the ferromagnetic metal La$$_{0.6}$$Sr$$_{0.4}$$MnO$$_3$$ by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The results suggest that the ferromagnetic phase gradually and most likely inhomogeneously turns into the paramagnetic phase and both phases abruptly become insulating at the critical thickness.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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