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Remaining lives of fatigue crack growths for pipes with subsurface flaws and subsurface-to-surface flaw proximity rules

内部欠陥を有する配管の疲労亀裂進展余寿命及び内部欠陥の表面欠陥への置き換える接近性ルール

勝又 源七郎*; Li, Y.; 長谷川 邦夫*; Lacroix, V.*

Katsumata, Genshichiro*; Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio*; Lacroix, V.*

日本及び米国の維持規格では、機器の自由表面近傍にある内部欠陥を表面欠陥に置き換える接近性ルールがある。本論文では配管の内表面近傍に存在する内部欠陥を対象にして、従来の規格にある接近性ルールと、著者らが新たに提案した接近性ルールを用いて、疲労亀裂進展による疲労余寿命を求めた。その結果、欠陥の形状や寸法によっては現行規格に含まれている接近性ルールは非保守的となる場合があり、われわれが提案した接近性ルールが有効なものであることが分かった。

If a subsurface flaw is located near a component surface, the subsurface flaw is transformed to a surface flaw in accordance with a subsurface-to-surface proximity rule. The re-characterization process from subsurface to surface flaw is adopted in all fitness-for-service (FFS) codes. However, the specific criteria of the re-characterizations are different among the FFS codes. Recently, the authors have proposed a new subsurface-to-surface flaw proximity rule based on experimental data and equivalent fatigue crack growth rate calculations. In this study, fatigue crack growth calculations were carried out for pipes with subsurface flaws, using the proximity rule provided in the current codes and the proposed subsurface-to-surface proximity rule. Different pipe sizes, flaw aspect ratios and ligament distances from subsurface flaws to inner surface of pipes were taken into account. As the results, the current proximity rule gives less conservative fatigue lives, when the aspect ratios of the subsurface flaws are small.

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パーセンタイル:80.86

分野:Engineering, Mechanical

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