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Preparation of assessment methodologies of the dose rate due to tritium release to the environment from a fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Someya, Yoji; Masui, Akihiro; Watanabe, Kazuhito; Konishi, Satoshi*; Torikai, Yuji*

Tritium is major radioactive material in a fusion reactor. Evaluation of the dose due to the tritium is essential to understand environmental consequences of incidental or accidental conditions postulated in the fusion reactor. A purpose of this study is to identify issues to apply UFOTRI, a code of tritium dose analysis being used for the ITER safety assessment, the Japanese environmental conditions. Extensive scans of UFOTRI calculation runs were performed in various meteorological and release conditions. The scans show that the contribution of the secondary tritium release is more significant in the cases of lower release height, lesser stable atmosphere or more distant conditions. The analysis, thus, suggests that it is important to take into account the contribution of the secondarily released tritium in evaluating the early dose to the public due to the tritium release.

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