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Report No.

Reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium in dry air and moisture at high temperature

Kim, Jae-Hwan; Nakamichi, Masaru

Beryllium metal is a candidate material of not only neutron-multiplier for fusion reactors but also a water-cooled target material for an accelerator-based boron neutron capture therapy. To investigate its reactivity in dry air and 1% H$$_{2}$$O/Ar at 873, 1073, and 1273 K, Be samples were fabricated by a novel plasma-sintering method proposed herein. Because of its reactivity in dry atmosphere, parabolic oxidation of Be along grain boundaries was predominant up to 1173 K at an activation energy of 52 kJ/mol, while catastrophic oxidation occurred at 1273 K. The introduction of H$$_{2}$$O facilitated breakaway in Be oxidation. Hence, the weight and H$$_{2}$$ concentration of Be tested in 1% H$$_{2}$$O/Ar dramatically increased from 973 K, while samples tested for 24 h were completely oxidized in appearance.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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