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Report No.

Development of accident tolerant control rod for light water reactors

Ota, Hirokazu*; Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Nagase, Fumihisa 

Control rods can be disintegrated and neutron absorber would be removed from the core region before most of the fuel pins are still not damaged seriously in severe accidents of LWRs. The present study investigates a concept of accident tolerant control rod (ATCR) with the following characteristics; (1) sufficiently-high melting and eutectic temperatures, (2) high miscibility with molten and solidified fuel materials, and (3) enough control rod worth. It has been shown that rare-earth sesqui-oxides are expected to be compatible with iron up to higher temperatures than the melting points of structure materials of control rods, and that Sm$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, Eu$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, Dy$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ or their mixtures with HfO$$_{2}$$ are available as alternative neutron absorbers to conventional Ag-In-Cd alloy.



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