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REDOX state analysis of platinoid elements in simulated high-level radioactive waste glass by synchrotron radiation based EXAFS

Okamoto, Yoshihiro ; Shiwaku, Hideaki  ; Nakada, Masami ; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*; Akabori, Mitsuo

Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) analyses were performed to evaluate REDOX (REDuction and OXidation) state of platinoid elements in simulated high-level nuclear waste glass samples prepared under different conditions of temperature and atmosphere. At first, EXAFS functions were compared with those of standard materials such as RuO$$_2$$. Then structural parameters were obtained from a curve fitting analysis. In addition, a fitting analysis used a linear combination of the two standard EXAFS functions of a given elements metal and oxide was applied to determine ratio of metal/oxide in the simulated glass. The redox state of Ru was successfully evaluated from the linear combination fitting results of EXAFS functions. The ratio of metal increased at more reducing atmosphere and at higher temperatures. Chemical form of rhodium oxide in the simulated glass samples was RhO$$_2$$ unlike expected Rh$$_2$$O$$_3$$. It can be estimated rhodium behaves according with ruthenium when the chemical form is oxide.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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