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Report No.

Spin nanotubes with the ring exchange interactions

Sakai, Toru; Kasahara, Toshihiro*; Hijii, Keigo*; Ota, Hitoshi*; Nakano, Hiroki*

The S=1/2 three-leg spin nanotube with the ring exchange interaction at each plaquette is investigated using the numerical diagonalization of finite-size systems. The previous work suggested that the system without the ring exchange interaction has a spin excitation gap between the singlet ground state and the triplet excitation, because a spontaneous dimerization occurs in the ground state. The present study indicates that as the ring exchange increases, a quantum phase transition occurs at some critical value to another spin gap phase where the pattern of the dimerization is different from the initial one.



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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary



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