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Report No.

Radioactive contamination of several materials following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident

Koma, Yoshikazu  ; Shibata, Atsuhiro ; Ashida, Takashi 

Due to the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) of Tokyo Power Electric Co. in 2011, radioactive nuclides were released to environment and heavily contaminated the NPS site itself. Analytical concentration of radionuclides for contaminated materials including the accumulated water, rubble, soil and vegetation which already opened were utilized to discuss contamination behavior of some radionuclides. The concentration ratio of a radionuclide to that of $$^{137}$$Cs was normalized with composition of the damaged reactor fuels referred to as "transport ratio" to investigate elemental behavior. The transport ratio of Sr to rubble and soil compared with which was assumed to be via air was approximately 10$$^{-2}$$ to 10$$^{-3}$$, and the successive transport to the accumulated water was comparable to Cs except for the initial release. Transport of Pu, Am and Cm were scarce relative to Cs regardless of transport process by means of air and water, whereas those of iodine, selenium and tellurium were comparable or greater. Contamination with $$^{3H}$$ and $$^{14}$$C was independent of $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{90}$$Sr and TRU nuclides and would be a result of different transport process.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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