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EBR-II試験データを用いた自然循環除熱評価手法の妥当性確認解析

Validation of natural circulation heat removal evaluation method by using EBR-II shutdown heat removal test data

堂田 哲広; 井川 健一*; 南 正樹*; 岩崎 隆*; 大平 博昭

Doda, Norihiro; Igawa, Kenichi*; Minami, Masaki*; Iwasaki, Takashi*; Ohira, Hiroaki

ナトリウム冷却高速炉では、冷却材の沸点と伝熱性能が高いことから原子炉出入口温度差を大きく取れる特徴を活かし、崩壊熱の最終ヒートシンクを空気とした自然循環による崩壊熱除去系の採用が指向されている。本研究では、自然循環時の炉心最高温度評価に必要な評価手法の妥当性確認の一環として、米国EBR-II炉の自然循環試験の解析を行い、実験データとの比較を行い、自然循環崩壊熱除熱時のプラント全体挙動及び燃料集合体内冷却材最高温度を十分な精度で予測できることを確認した。

Sodium-cooled fast reactors have been developed aiming at introducing natural circulation decay heat removal systems by utilizing the characteristic of having a large coolant temperature difference between at the inlet and at the outlet of reactor vessel. In this study, as part of validation for core hot spot evaluation method, which is required for adoption of natural circulation decay heat removal systems, EBR-II (Experimental Breeder Reactor II) shutdown heat removal test was simulated. The simulation results demonstrated that the evaluation method sufficiently predicts the whole plant thermal hydraulic behaviors and the maximum coolant temperature in a fuel subassembly in natural circulation decay heat removal.

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