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Chemical state analysis of trace-level alkali metals sorbed in micaceous oxide by total reflection X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Baba, Yuji ; Shimoyama, Iwao  ; Hirao, Norie*

Chemical states of cesium as well as the other alkali metals (sodium and rubidium) sorbed in micaceous oxides have been investigated by total reflection X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (TR-XPS). For cesium, it was shown that ultra-trace amount of cesium down to about 100 pg/cm$$^{-2}$$ can be detected by TR-XPS. This amount corresponds to about 200 Bq of $$^{137}$$Cs (t$$_{1/2}$$ = 30.2y). It was demonstrated that ultra-trace amount of cesium corresponding to radioactive cesium level can be measured by TR-XPS. As to the chemical states, it was found that core-level binding energy in TR-XPS for trace-level cesium shifted to lower-energy side compared with that for thicker layer. A reverse tendency is observed in sodium. Based on charge transfer within a simple point-charge model, it is concluded that chemical bond between alkali metal and micaceous oxide for ultra-thin layer is more polarized that for thick layer.

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Category:Chemistry, Physical

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