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突合せ配管内壁からのレーザ溶接部分に対するEMAT探傷の試み

EMAT-guided wave approach for detecting and quality evaluation of the laser beam butt welding line on the inner surface of the steel pipe

古澤 彰憲  ; 西村 昭彦 ; 鳥本 和弘; 竹仲 佑介*; 西條 慎吾*; 外山 亮治*

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Torimoto, Kazuhiro; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Saijo, Shingo*; Toyama, Ryoji*

本報告の目的は、超音波ガイド波の突合せ溶接配管のレーザ溶接船の検出および評価への適用可能性を検討することである。最初に、4つの突合せレーザ溶接試験配管を作成する。作成された試験用配管は配管内部よりレーザトーチを用いて突合せ溶接した。うち2つは溶接品質を高く、残り2つの溶接品質は低くし、配管肉厚をそれぞれ2種類用意した。次に、配管のレーザ溶接線検出実験を行った。実験にはT(0,1)モードガイド波を用い、その励起、測定には電磁超音波探触子アレイを用いた。最後に、実験結果および得られた重要事項について考察し、配管の突合せレーザ溶接線検出および非破壊評価へ超音波ガイド波が適用可能であるか議論する。

The aim of this work presented here is to investigate the applicability of the guided wave testing to detect and evaluate the quality of laser beam butt welding line. First, four test pipes were prepared. All of the pipes were laser beam butt welded from inside of the pipe using laser torch. Two pipes of them were high-quality welded, the others were low-quality. Two different pipe-wall-thicknesses were in each quality. Secondly, Laser beam butt welding line detection and the quality evaluation experiments were performed. T(0,1) mode guided wave was excited and received by electromagnetic acoustic transducer array. Finally, the experimental results were analyzed and issues concerning with the applicability of the guided wave testing to detection and quality evaluation of the laser butt welding line were discussed.

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