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Corrosion behavior of SUS316L in nitric acid solution containing seawater components; Effect of metal ions in high active liquid waste

Ambai, Hiromu ; Nishizuka, Yusuke*; Sano, Yuichi  ; Uchida, Naoki; Iijima, Shizuka

During the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a large volume of seawater was injected as coolant into the storage pool for spent nuclear fuel. If this fuel is reprocessed, some components of seawater will be mixed with the nitric acid used during spent fuel reprocessing. In this study, we investigated the effect of seawater components in high activity liquid waste (HAW) on the corrosion behavior of SUS316L stainless steel. The immersion and electrochemical tests were conducted using a solution containing artificial seawater (ASW) and surrogate HAW. In the nitric acid solution containing only ASW (without any metal ions in the HAW), pitting and / or uniform corrosion were observed. Intergranular corrosion was observed in the solution containing ASW and HAW with added metal ions, wherein Ru increased the corrosion potential to the transpassive region. An increase in amount of ASW led to decreased corrosion rates and the suppression of intergranular corrosion.

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