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Report No.

Applicability evaluation of candidate technologies for nuclear material quantification in fuel debris at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station; Passive gamma technique

Shiba, Tomooki; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Sagara, Hiroshi*; Ishimi, Akihiro

Fission products (FPs) such as Ce and Eu seem to be very low volatile even in high temperature environment in the severe accident of nuclear reactors. They are supposed to chemically coexist with nuclear fuel. In our passive gamma ray spectroscopy, gamma rays from such FPs are measured and their amount and burnup are estimated. Then we multiply the mass ratio of the FPs and nuclear materials, and we obtain the mass of nuclear material of interest. According to hypothetical fuel debris and canister models, we performed simulation of leakage gamma rays from canister of debris. gamma ray source spectra were derived from the composition of the hypothetical fuel debris and the photon transport calculation was carried out. In addition, we conducted experiments of gamma ray measurement from intact spent fuels irradiated in the Experimental Fast Reactor Joyo in order to validate the prediction performance of the simulation by the comparison of the experiments and simulation.



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