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Separation of Zr in the rubble waste generated at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

福島第一原子力発電所で発生したガレキに含まれるZrの分離法

島田 亜佐子; 亀尾 裕

Shimada, Asako; Kameo, Yutaka

福島第一原子力発電所の事故で発生したガレキ中の$$^{93}$$Zrを分析するために、ガレキ中のZrの分離法を開発した。ほぼ100%のZrとNb, Bi, Th, UとMoの一部は3M硝酸溶液からTRUレジンに抽出され、LiやBe, Mg, Al, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Ag, Cd, In, Cs, Baは溶出することでこれらの元素が分離された。ほぼ100%のZrとNb, U、10%のMo、7.1%のHg、77%のBi、20%のThが0.01Mフッ化水素酸により回収された。超寿命核種である$$^{93}$$ZrをICP-MSにより定量するためには、ZrはNbやMoから分離されなければならない。そのため、この回収フラクションを一度乾固した後、0.1Mフッ化水素酸溶液に調製してTEVAレジンに通液し、ZrをNbやMoから分離した。模擬ガレキ試料の溶解液を用いてこの手法の妥当性を検証した。

Separation method of Zr using trans uranium resin (TRU resin) was developed. Approximately 100% of Zr, Nb, Bi, Th, and U and a part of Mo and Hg were extracted on the TRU resin from 3 M HNO $$_{3}$$ solution and separated from Li, Be, Mg, Al, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Rb, Sr,Ag, Cd, In, Cs, Ba. Approximately 100% of Zr, Nb, and U were striped from the TRU resin with 0.01 M HF and 10% of Mo, 7.1% of Hg, 77% of Bi, and 20% of Th were also included in the stripping solution. In order to measure $$^{93}$$Zr with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), Zr has to be separated from Nb and Mo to avoid isobaric interference. Therefore, further purification of Zr using tetra valent actinide resin (TEVA resin) was applied. The developed method was evaluated with the simulated rubble sample solution. Although a part of Zr was eluted during sample loading, most of Zr was extracted on the TRU resin and separated major elements of the rubble sample. Finally, Zr was separated from Nb and Mo with the TEVA resin.

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パーセンタイル:100

分野:Chemistry, Analytical

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