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Report No.

Observation of vortex states in small superconductors with artificial pinning centres

Kitano, Kohei*; Okayasu, Satoru ; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Kokubo, Nobuhito*

We try to observe a new vortex state including anti-vortex by introducing small bores or hollows in microscopic superconductors. We made direct observations of vortex states of microscopic square superconducting samples with 5 bores, located the center of the sample and four corners, by using a scanning SQUID microscope. A unique vortex alignment at low vorticity (L$$<$$5) is observed in comparison with the previous measurements on the samples with no bore. It becomes clear that the vortex alignment is determined by the distance of bores and the interaction among the vortices.



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