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Thermal-hydraulic analyses of the High-Temperature engineering Test Reactor for loss of forced cooling at 30% reactor power

高温工学試験研究炉(HTTR)を用いた原子炉出力30%状態からの強制冷却喪失時の熱流動解析

高松 邦吉

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

固有の安全性を持つ高温ガス炉である高温工学試験研究炉(HTTR)を用いて、強制冷却喪失(LOFC)事象を模擬した安全性実証試験を実施した。本論文では、冷却材流量が定格の45t/hから0t/hまで低下し、制御棒が炉心に挿入されず、原子炉出力制御系が作動しない条件における、原子炉出力9MWからの強制冷却喪失時の熱流動特性を示す。解析により、1次純化設備による強制対流の下降流は、燃料体内で発生した自然対流による上昇流を抑え込むが、原子炉出口冷却材温度に与える影響を除いて、炉内の熱流動特性に与える影響は小さいことを明らかにした。以上により、原子炉圧力容器内の3次元熱流動特性を定量的に示すことができた。

The HTTR, which is the only HTGR having inherent safety features in Japan, conducted a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling. The paper shows thermal-hydraulics during the LOFC test at an initial power of 30% reactor power (9 MW), when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero. The analytical results could show that the downstream of forced convection caused by the HPS pushes down the upstream by natural convection in the fuel assemblies; however, the forced convection has little influence on the core thermal-hydraulics without the reactor outlet coolant temperature. As a result, the three-dimensional thermal-phenomena inside the RPV during the LOFC test could be understood qualitatively.

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