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Role of Tf$$_{2}$$N$$^{-}$$ anions in the ionic liquid-water distribution of europium(III) chelates

Okamura, Hiroyuki   ; Aoyagi, Noboru   ; Shimojo, Kojiro   ; Naganawa, Hirochika  ; Imura, Hisanori*

The role of bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (Tf$$_{2}$$N$$^{-}$$) anions in the ionic liquid-water distribution systems of the Eu(III) chelates with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) was investigated by the liquid-liquid distribution and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). The effect of the ionic liquids on the distribution constant of Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ was evaluated by the regular solution theory. The distribution constant of Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]) was increased dramatically by the solvation effects of Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ in [C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]. TRLFS for [Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$(H$$_{2}$$O)$$_{3}$$] synthesized revealed that the Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ chelate was almost completely dehydrated in a series of [C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]. The Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ chelate exists as di- or tri-hydrates in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium perchlorate ([C$$_{2}$$mim][ClO$$_{4}$$]) containing 20 M water, whereas mono-hydrated chelate was formed in [C$$_{2}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N, ClO$$_{4}$$] in the presence of 0.50 M Tf$$_{2}$$N$$^{-}$$ and 20 M water. These results show that the coordinated water molecules of [Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$(H$$_{2}$$O)$$_{3}$$] were replaced by the Tf$$_{2}$$N$$^{-}$$ anions. In fact, an anionic adduct, [Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$(Tf$$_{2}$$N)]$$^{-}$$, was observed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in the presence of [C$$_{4}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N].

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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