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Magnetocaloric effect of Sr-substituted BaFeO$$_{3}$$ in the liquid nitrogen and natural gas temperature regions

Yoshii, Kenji ; Hayashi, Naoaki*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Takano, Mikio*

We have investigated the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of Ba$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$Fe$$^{4+}$$O$$_{3}$$ (x$$underline{<}$$0.2), a series of cubic perovskites showing a field-induced transition from helical antiferromagnetism to ferromagnetism. The maximum magnetic entropy change (-$$Delta$$S$$_{max}$$) at 50 kOe varies from $$sim$$ 5.8 J kg$$^{-1}$$K$$^{-1}$$ (x=0) to $$sim$$ 4.9 J kg$$^{-1}$$K$$^{-1}$$ (x=0.2), while the refrigerant capacity remains almost the same at $$sim$$165 J kg$$^{-1}$$. Interestingly, the temperature of -$$Delta$$S$$_{max}$$ decreases from $$sim$$116 K to $$sim$$77 K with increasing x, providing this series of rare-earth-free oxides with potential as a magnetic refrigerant for the liquefaction of nitrogen and natural gas.

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Category:Nanoscience & Nanotechnology

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