XAFS measurement of simulated waste borosilicate glass samples (Joint research)
Nagai, Takayuki ; Kobayashi, Hidekazu ; Sasage, Kenichi; Ayame, Yasuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro ; Shiwaku, Hideaki ; Yamanaka, Keisuke*; Ota, Toshiaki*
Addition of radioactive waste to a borosilicate frit affects the local structures of boron (B) and waste elements in a waste glass. Synchrotron XAFS measurement was applied to investigate the local structural changes by using simulated waste borosilicate glass samples. Following results were obtained by the B K-edge XAFS analysis. It was confirmed that B K-edge XAFS analysis enables us to discriminate sp type boron (BO) from sp type boron (BO). Addition of waste elements to a glass frit increases the percentage of BO and decreases that of BO. By decreasing the SiO/AlO ratio or increasing the (SiO+BO)/AlO ratio in the glass composition, the BO percentage increases and the BO percentage decreases. Addition of PO decreases the BO percentage and increases the BO percentage. Following results were obtained from XAFS measurement of the waste elements. Cerium (Ce) valence is more reduced with the increase of the BO content. Addition of PO has a tendency to reduce the Ce valence and to enhance deposition of Zr oxide. Deposition of ruthenium compounds separated from glass phase can not be improved by changing the BO content. This study was performed as a part of the project, "Improvement of vitrification process of high-level radioactive liquid wastes" on the foundation business of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy.