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Experimental study on behaviours of two-ply bellows subjected to pressure and displacement loads

内圧負荷状態で強制変位を受ける2層ベローズの変形挙動

月森 和之; 安藤 勝訓; 矢田 浩基; 一宮 正和*; 安濃田 良成*; 荒川 学*

Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*; Arakawa, Manabu*

2層ベローズは層間の摩擦の影響があるため、解析上の取り扱いが1層ベローズよりも難しい。本研究では、2層ベローズと1層ベローズに対する内圧をパラメータとしたバネ定数試験を実施し、2層ベローズのバネ定数は、内圧によらず1層ベローズのほぼ2倍であることを実験的に明らかにした。また、2層と1層のベローズ両方でインプレーン座屈が観察された。両者の変形挙動は類似していたが、2層ベローズの座屈圧力は1層ベローズのほぼ2倍であった。これらは層間の摩擦を無視できることを意味しており、2層ベローズの解析においては半分の圧力負荷の1層ベローズに置き換えることができることを明らかにした。

The analytical treatment of Multi-ply bellows behaviours is difficult compared with that of single-ply bellows, since the uncertainty of friction between plies exists. In this study verification was conducted based on experiments by comparing between two-ply and single-ply bellows test results. Following results were obtained. The spring rate of two-ply bellows is approximately twice of that of single-ply bellows, even if internal pressure is loaded. Typical buckling behaviour of bellows, in-plane squirm, was observed in both cases of two-ply and single-ply bellows. The deformation patterns were similar with each other, but the pressure levels of two-ply bellows were approximately twice of those of single-ply bellows. These means the friction force can be ignored practically. As the conclusion, two-ply bellows analyses can be replaced by the analyses of single-ply bellows model with half pressure load and the effort of numerical analysis can be reduced.

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