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※ 半角英数字
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Study on combination hazard curve of forest fire with lightning and strong wind

森林火災と落雷及び強風との重畳時のハザード曲線に関わる研究

岡野 靖; 山野 秀将

Okano, Yasushi; Yamano, Hidemasa

ロジックツリーを用いたハザード曲線評価手法を、森林火災と落雷、および森林火災と強風のハザード重畳に対して適用した。森林火災と落雷の重畳ハザード曲線は、強度増加に伴う頻度低下において複雑な傾向を示したが、これは両ハザードに対し天候不順が共通の要因となっているためである。森林火災と強風の重畳ハザード曲線は、強風による機器への影響が生じる風速(例: 80m/s以上)に対しては10$$^{-14}$$/年を下回る極めて小さい頻度となる。

Forest fire hazard assessment methodologies using a logic tree have been applied for the evaluation of combination hazard curves of a forest fire with lightning as an initiator of a forest fire and with a strong wind being independent from a forest fire. The complex shape of the combinational hazard curve of forest fire and lighting is due to that both lightning and high velocity wind tend to appear under unstable weather conditions, and there is correlation between two hazards. The evaluated combinational hazard curve of forest fire and strong wind for the instantaneous wind velocity over 80 m/s has extremely small frequency in the range below 10$$^{-14}$$/year.

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