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An Evaluation method of reflectance spectra to be obtained by Hayabusa2 Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) based on laboratory measurements of carbonaceous chondrites

炭素質コンドライトを基準に用いたはやぶさ2近赤外分光計(NIRS3)の反射スペクトル評価法

松岡 萌*; 中村 智樹*; 大澤 崇人; 岩田 隆浩*; 北里 宏平*; 安部 正真*; 仲内 悠祐*; 荒井 武彦*; 小松 睦美*; 廣井 孝弘*; 今栄 直也*; 山口 亮*; 小島 秀康*

Matsuoka, Moe*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Osawa, Takahito; Iwata, Takahiro*; Kitazato, Kohei*; Abe, Masanao*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Arai, Takehiko*; Komatsu, Mutsumi*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Imae, Naoya*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Kojima, Hideyasu*

はやぶさ2に搭載されている近赤外分光計(NIRS3)の地上テストを行なってスペクトルの補正と評価の手法を確立した。粉末状にした炭素質隕石を試料として、FTIRで測定したスペクトルとの比較からNIRS3のスペクトルの補正方法を2つ提案した。また得られた反射スペクトルから小惑星表面の化学的分類方法について提案した。

We have conducted ground-based performance evaluation tests of the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) onboard Hayabusa2 spacecraft and established a method for evaluating its measured reflectance spectra. Reflectance spectra of nine powdered carbonaceous chondrite samples were measured by both NIRS3 and a FT-IR spectrometer. Since raw data obtained by NIRS3 had considerable spectral distortion caused by systematic offsets in sensitivity of individual pixels, we have established two methods for correcting the NIRS3 data by comparing them with the corresponding FT-IR data. In order to characterize the absorption bands in NIRS3 spectra, the depth of each band component D$$lambda$$ is defined for each wavelength $$lambda$$ ($$mu$$m). Reflectance spectra of asteroid Ryugu, the target asteroid of Hayabusa2, to be recorded by the NIRS3 are expected to reveal the characteristics of the surface materials by using the evaluation technique.

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パーセンタイル:64.06

分野:Geosciences, Multidisciplinary

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