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Observation of momentum-dependent charge excitations in hole-doped cuprates using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the oxygen $$K$$ edge

Ishii, Kenji*; Toyama, Takami*; Asano, Shun*; Sato, Kentaro*; Fujita, Masaki*; Wakimoto, Shuichi ; Tsutsui, Kenji*; Sota, Shigetoshi*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Pelliciari, J.*; Huang, Y.*; Schmitt, T.*; Yamamoto, Yoshiya*; Mizuki, Junichiro*

We investigate electronic excitations in La$$_{2-x}$$(Br,Sr)$$_x$$CuO$$_4$$ using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) at the oxygen $$K$$ edge. We observed momentum-dependent spectral weight below 1 eV, which is consistent with theoretical calculation of the dynamical charge structure factor on oxygen orbitals in a three-band Hubbard model. Our results confirm that the momentum-dependent charge excitations exist on the order of the transfer energy ($$t$$), and the broad spectral line shape indicates damped and incoherent character of the charge excitations at the energy range in the doped Mott insulators.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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