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First-principles calculations of interaction between solutes and dislocations in tungsten

Tsuru, Tomohito  ; Suzudo, Tomoaki 

Changes in mechanical properties due to transmutation products (Re and Os) in W alloys is a central issue for plasma-facing materials in fusion reactors. We implemented density function theory calculations to investigate the effect of Re, Os, and other 5d solutes on dislocation core structure and motion associated with plastic deformation. Ir, Pt, Au, and Hg solutes show strong attractive interactions with screw dislocations, causing solution strengthening by the pinning mechanism. On the other hand, Hf, Ta, and Re cause softening by facilitating dislocation motion around solutes. This prediction corresponds well with the experimental observation of softening behavior in W-Re alloys.

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