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第4世代原子炉の開発動向,1; 全体概要

The Development status of Generation IV reactor systems, 1; Overview

佐賀山 豊; 安藤 将人

Sagayama, Yutaka; Ando, Masato

第4世代原子力システム国際フォーラム(GIF)では、安全・信頼性,経済性,持続可能性,核拡散抵抗性などに優れた次世代の原子炉システム(第4世代原子炉)として、ナトリウム冷却高速炉,鉛冷却高速炉,ガス冷却高速炉,溶融塩炉,超臨界圧水冷却炉,超高温ガス炉の6つの革新的原子炉システムが選定され国際的な研究開発が進められている。一部のシステムについては既に実証段階にあり、GIFの目標である2030年代以降の実用化が視野に入りつつある。

The Generation IV international Forum (GIF) has led international collaborative efforts to develop six next generation nuclear energy systems, such as Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR), Lead-cooled Fast Reactor (LFR), Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GFR), Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), Supercritical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR), and Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR), which have superior characteristics for the Safety and Reliability, Economics, Sustainability, Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection. Some systems are already in the Demonstration Phase and the commercialization of the system in 2030s, which is the target of GIF, comes into sight.

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