Four-dimensional Langevin approach to low-energy nuclear fission of U
Ishizuka, Chikako*; Usang, M. D.*; Ivanyuk, F. A.*; Maruhn, J. A.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa ; Chiba, Satoshi
We developed a four-dimensional (4D) Langevin model, which can treat the deformation of each fragment independently and applied it to low-energy fission of U, the compound system of the reaction n + U. The potential energy is calculated with the deformed two-center Woods-Saxon (TCWS) and the Nilsson-type potential with the microscopic energy corrections following the Strutinsky method and BCS pairing. The transport coefficients are calculated by macroscopic prescriptions. It turned out that the deformation for the light and heavy fragments behaves differently, showing a sawtooth structure similar to that of the neutron multiplicities of the individual fragments (A). Furthermore, the measured total kinetic energy TKE(A) and its standard deviation are reproduced fairly well by the 4D Langevin model based on the TCWS potential in addition to the fission fragment mass distributions. The developed model allows a multi-parametric correlation analysis among, e.g., the three key fission observables, mass, TKE, and neutron multiplicity, which should be essential to elucidate several longstanding open problems in fission such as the sharing of the excitation energy between the fragments.