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Report No.
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Temperature dependence of the spin Seebeck effect in [Fe$$_{3}$$O$$_{4}$$/Pt]n multilayers

Ramos, R.*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Anad$'o$n, A.*; Lucas, I.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Algarabel, P. A.*; Morell$'o$n, L.*; Aguirre, M. H.*; Saito, Eiji; Ibarra, M. R.*

We report temperature dependent measurements of the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in multilayers formed by repeated growth of a Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$/Pt bilayer junction. The magnitude of the observed enhancement of the SSE, relative to the SSE in the single bilayer, shows a monotonic increase with decreasing the temperature. This result can be understood by an increase of the characteristic length for spin current transport in the system, in qualitative agreement with the recently observed increase in the magnon diffusion length in Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$ at lower temperatures. Our result suggests that the thermoelectric performance of the SSE in multilayer structures can be further improved by careful choice of materials with suitable spin transport properties.

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