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Development of high-polarization Fe/Ge neutron polarizing supermirror; Possibility of fine-tuning of scattering length density in ion beam sputtering

Maruyama, Ryuji  ; Yamazaki, Dai ; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki ; Takeda, Masayasu ; Soyama, Kazuhiko 

The multilayer structure of Fe/Si and Fe/Ge systems fabricated by ion beam sputtering (IBS) was investigated using X-ray and polarized neutron reflectivity measurements and scanning transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The obtained result revealed that the incorporation of sputtering gas particles (Ar) in the Ge layer gives rise to a marked reduction in the neutron scattering length density (SLD) and contributes to the SLD contrast between the Fe and Ge layers almost vanishing for spin-down neutrons. This leads to a possibility of fine-tuning of the SLD for the IBS, which is required to realize a high polarization efficiency of a neutron polarizing supermirror. Fe/Ge polarizing supermirror with $$m=5$$ fabricated showed a spin-up reflectivity of 0.70 at the critical momentum transfer. The polarization was higher than 0.985 for the $$q_z$$ range where the correction for the polarization inefficiencies of the beamline works properly.

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Category:Instruments & Instrumentation

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