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Study of catalytic reaction at electrode-electrolyte interfaces by a CV-XAFS method

Kusano, Shogo*; Matsumura, Daiju   ; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Mizuki, Junichiro*

A method combining cyclic voltammetry (CV) with X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, viz. CV-XAFS, has been developed to enable in situ real-time investigation of atomic and electronic structures related to electrochemical reactions. We use this method to study the reaction of a Pt/C cathode catalyst in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an alkaline electrolyte. It was found that the current induced by the ORR was first observed at approximately 0.08 V versus Hg/HgO, although the Pt valence remained almost unchanged. The electronic structure of the catalytic surface in the ORR was observed to be different in the negative and positive scan directions of CV measurements. Hydrogen adsorption is also discussed on the basis of the observation of this spectral change. We have demonstrated that CV-XAFS provides dynamical structural and electronic information related to electrochemical reactions and can be used for in situ real-time measurements of a catalyst.



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Category:Engineering, Electrical & Electronic



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