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Report No.

Modelling of cesium chemisorption under nuclear power plant severe accident conditions

Miradji, F.; Suzuki, Chikashi; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko; Barrachin, M.*; Do, T. M. D.*; Murakami, Kenta*; Suzuki, Masahide*

Under the scope of analyses of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) Severe Accident (SA), estimation of Cs distribution, especially localization in the upper part of the core, has large uncertainties partly caused by the current implemented Cs-chemisorption models in SA analysis codes. This is in part due to the scarce knowledge related to Cs chemisorption mechanisms onto structure surfaces. The objective of this work is, therefore, to improve Cs chemisorption models by consolidation and extension of knowledge in the chemical process of Cs chemisorption. In this study, we will present in the first part experimental tests for grasping the phenomenology of Cs chemisorption onto stainless steel (SS) surfaces under reproductive conditions of 1F SA. The chemical factors involving in the Cs chemisorption process were investigated and implemented in an improved Cs chemisorption model based on a mass transfer theory. The second part of the study will discuss further improvement of built Cs chemisorption model to take into account revaporizaton process of Cs chemisorbed species. For such improvement, the thermodynamic properties of all possible Cs-(Fe)-Si-O chemisorbed species were provided using first-principles calculations. In the last part of the study, chemical equilibrium calculations were conducted to evaluate the relative stability of possible Cs-(Fe)-Si-O chemisorbed species in SA conditions.



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