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Report No.

Hydration and degradation of High content Fly ash Silica fume Cement (HFSC)

Anraku, Sohtaro; Walker, C.*; Oda, Chie  ; Mihara, Morihiro  ; Honda, Akira

Ordinary Portland cement based materials used to construct a repository for the geological disposal of nuclear wastes in Japan, have the potential to form a hyperalkaline (pH $$>$$ 12.5) plume that would affect the performance of other repository components. A High volume Fly ash (FA = 40 wt.%) Silica fume (SF = 20 wt.%) Cement (HFSC424) has therefore been developed to avoid the formation of a hyperalkaline plume. Hydration of HFSC424 in ion exchanged water (IEW) at liquid/solid (L/S) mass ratio = 0.5 caused the loss of portlandite within 56 days by the pozzolanic reaction of SF and FA. Hydrated solid phases included calcium (aluminate) silicate hydrate (C(-A)-S-H) gel and ettringite, and the expressed porewater had a pH = 11.7 after a year of hydration at 20$$^{circ}$$C. Leaching of HFSC424 in IEW was consistent with the dissolution of C(-A)-S-H gel and a decrease to pH = 11.1 at L/S = 1000. Leaching of HFSC424 in SW caused the loss of C(-A)-S-H gel and ettringite for L/S $$leq$$ 30 and a rapid decrease in pH = 10.2. This was followed by the precipitation of hydrotalcite, calcite and magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H) and a further decrease to pH = 8.8. These hydration and leaching tests demonstrate that HFSC is a suitable material for repository construction to avoid the formation of a hyperalkaline plume.



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