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Temperature dependent characteristics of neutron signals from a current-biased Nb nanowire detector with $$^{10}$$B converter

Vu, TheDang  ; Iizawa, Yuki*; Nishimura, Kazuma*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Kojima, Kenji*; Oikawa, Kenichi  ; Harada, Masahide  ; Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oku, Takayuki  ; Soyama, Kazuhiko ; Aizawa, Kazuya ; Koyama, Tomio*; Ishida, Takekazu*

We succeeded in designed and fabricated a neutron detector by using a superconducting current-biased kinetic inductance detector (CB-KID), which is constructed by two perpendicular Nb-based superconducting meander-lines and an enriched $$^{10}$$B neutron conversion layer. We rebuilt completely a neutron image of a $$^{10}$$B dot array contain in the stainless-steel mesh. To improve the resolution of neutron images, the characteristics of a superconducting neutron detector have been studied carefully. In this study, we present the dependence of neutron signals in the temperature of detector. We found that when the temperature of a neutron detector is as close as the critical temperature of superconductivity, the intensity of signal increase as a function of temperature. We consider that the ratio of noise and signal is decrease which is very useful to improve the resolution of neutron images.

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