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Potential for remote controllable systematization of the method of testing reinforced concrete using guided-wave on rebar

鉄筋伝播超音波を用いた腐食劣化検出法の遠隔操作化に向けて

古澤 彰憲; 西村 昭彦; 竹仲 佑介; 村松 壽晴

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

本報告では、超音波ガイド波を用いた鉄筋コンクリートの検査法とその遠隔操作可能なシステム化への可能について報告する。具体的には、レーザーによって鉄筋コンクリートの鉄筋を伝播する超音波を励起して、腐食事象の進展に伴って変化する波形から腐食劣化の検出が可能であるか実験的に検証した。実験に用いた試験体は、鉄のロッドとその周囲にモルタルを塗布することで作成し、一方は電解腐食法によって腐食劣化させた。腐食の進展に伴って発生する超音波信号の変化の解析の結果から、周波数領域において顕著な信号の変化がみられることが確認できた。これらの実験結果に係る考察と遠隔操作可能な検査システム化への展望について報告する。

The aim of this work presented here is to demonstrate the potential of our method for remote controllable systematization, of testing reinforced concrete based on ultrasonic guided-wave on rebar. In order to investigate how the deteriorated phenomena has the effects on the ultrasonic guided-wave propagating on the rebar, following experiments are conducted. Test pieces used for the experiments are made of bare steel rod and cylindrically pored mortar to be representing the actual reinforced concrete. Irradiating the end face of the rod with nanosecond pulsed laser makes the ultrasonic guided-wave induced, at the other end face, the guided wave signal is measured with ultrasonic receiver. One test piece is with no damage and the other is deteriorated test piece. The deterioration is made by electrolytic corroded method. The guided-wave signal from the deteriorated test piece is measured with respect to each energization time, the change in the waveform is investigated. Analyzing the results from the experiments above, it is found that the deterioration of rebar has remarkable effects on the guided-wave signal. The signal from test piece with no damage has strong peak at both specific frequency and lower region, on the other hand, signals from deteriorated test piece has only at the specific frequency depending on the diameter of the steel rod. Finally, discussion concerning with the experimental results and future perspective for remote controllable systematization of our method is carried out.

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