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Report No.

Synthesis of U and Pb-doped calcite; A Novel reference material for in situ U-Pb dating of carbonate

Miyajima, Yusuke*; Saito, Ayaka*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori   ; Hirata, Takafumi*; Roberts, N. M. W.*; Horstwood, M.*

Direct age determination of carbonate minerals provides valuable insight to paleoenvironmental change, tectonics, and sub-surface fluid-flow. The U-Pb method using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is a key technique to date natural carbonates such as fault-hosted calcite that cannot be dated by biostratigraphy or Sr isotope stratigraphy. A natural calcite cement WC-1 (254.4 $$pm$$ 6.4 Ma) is suitable as a reference material to correct elemental fractionation with LA-ICP-MS. However, the resulting uncertainty on a sample date is limited by the heterogeneity of U and Pb distribution in the reference material. Our objective is to synthesize calcite with homogeneous U and Pb concentrations and isotope ratios to be used as novel reference materials. To achieve this, we incorporate incompatible U and Pb into calcite through heat-induced crystallization from amorphous calcium carbonate precipitated from U, Pb-doped reagent solution. LA-ICP-MS analyses of results so far revealed that the U/Ca and Pb/Ca ratios in the synthetic calcites were generally homogeneous with relative standard deviation (2SD, n = 10) better than 4% and 7%, respectively. The Pb/Ca homogeneity of calcites doped with $$<$$1 $$mu$$g/g Pb was up to ~25%. The $$^{207}$$Pb/$$^{206}$$Pb ratio of the synthetic calcites was very homogeneous with $$<$$ 1% variation, whereas the $$^{238}$$U/$$^{206}$$Pb ratio was less homogeneous (2%$$sim$$7% variation). To evaluate the suitability of the synthetic calcite as a reference material, we measured the age of WC-1 using the synthetic calcite for elemental fractionation correction; we could date WC-1 with a precision and accuracy of ~3% (246.6 $$pm$$ 7.3 Ma). This method is a promising alternative in addition to characterising natural carbonate materials for elemental and isotopic composition.



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