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Electrochemical adsorption on Pt nanoparticles in alkaline solution observed using in situ high energy resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Kusano, Shogo*; Matsumura, Daiju  ; Ishii, Kenji*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Mizuki, Junichiro*

The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on Pt/C in alkaline solution was studied by in situ high energy resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy. To discuss the X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), this paper introduced the rate of change of the $$Delta mu$$ (RCD), which is an analysis method that is sensitive to surface adsorption. The surface adsorptions as hydrogen (below 0.34 V), superoxide anion (from 0.34 V to 0.74 V), hydroxyl species (from 0.44 V to 0.74 V), atomic oxygen (above 0.74 V), and $$alpha$$-PtO$$_{2}$$ (above 0.94 V) were distinguished. It is clarified that the catalytic activity in an alkaline solution is enhanced by the stability of atomic oxygen and the low stability of superoxide anion/peroxide adsorption on the platinum surface.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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