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Effects of diluents on the separation of minor actinides from lanthanides with tetradodecyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diamide from nitric acid medium

Tsutsui, Nao; Ban, Yasutoshi; Suzuki, Hideya*; Nakase, Masahiko*; Ito, Sayumi*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takeshita, Kenji*

To investigate the effective separation of actinides (Ans) from lanthanides (Lns), single-stage batch extraction experiments were performed with a novel extractant, tetradodecyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diamide (TDdPTDA) with various diluents such as 3-nitrobenzotrifluoride (F-3), nitrobenzene, and ${it n}$-dodecane for Am, Cm, and Lns. The extraction kinetics with TDdPTDA was rapid enough to perform the actual extraction flow sheet. The slopes of the distribution ratio versus TDdPTDA concentration and the distribution ratio versus nitric acid concentration were similar for F-3 and nitrobenzene systems but different from ${it n}$-dodecane system. These differences were attributed to the characteristics of the diluents. This study reveals high distribution ratios of Am (${it D}$ $$_{Am}$$) and Cm (${it D}$ $$_{Cm}$$) for TDdPTDA, with the high separation factors (${it SF}$s) of Am from Lns enough for their separation.

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Category:Chemistry, Analytical

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