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Report No.
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Application of multiple $$gamma$$-ray detection to long-lived radioactive nuclide determination in environmental samples

Oshima, Masumi*; Goto, Jun*; Haraga, Tomoko ; Kin, Tadahiro*; Ikebe, Yurie*; Seto, Hirofumi*; Bamba, Shigeru*; Shinohara, Hirofumi*; Morimoto, Takao*; Isogai, Keisuke*

Gamma-gamma coincidence measurement utilized in $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiments is well known to be effective for the improvement of signal-to-noise ratio in a $$gamma$$-ray spectrum. We study its applicability to determination of long-lived radioactive nuclides in environmental samples. The $$gamma$$-ray simulation code Geant 4.10.2 was used. We took up 35 nuclides which need to be determined for the evaluation of fission product leakage at the nuclear accident in the Fukushima nuclear power plants. Among them five nuclides of $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{94}$$Nb, $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{152}$$Eu and $$^{154}$$Eu can be the objectives of the multiple $$gamma$$-ray detection method. The simulation results indicate that the signal-to-noise ratio can be improved by a factor between 9.8 and 283, and the detection limit by a factor between 2.7 and 8.5 relative to the singles measurement, implying that the method can be well applied to the determination of the long-lived radioactive nuclides.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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