Interdisciplinary evaluation of biological effect of internal exposure by inhaling alpha-ray emitting nuclides represented by radon (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development
Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Okayama University*
CLADS, JAEA, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Biological Effect of Internal Exposure by Inhaling Alpha-ray Emitting Nuclides Represented by Radon". In the present study, the effect of alpha-ray emission in human body on the surrounding cells is estimated, and biological response to alpha-ray exposure is investigated at the whole organism level, by the evaluation method for radiation effects using radon that is an alpha-ray emitting nuclide, because there have been extensive studies on radon so far. From the obtained results, a model to evaluate the effect of internal exposure by alpha-ray emitting nuclides on health is constructed. Through these studies, we aim to form a research base by the interdisciplinary organic collaboration among research organizations.