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Sequence-dependent hydration water dynamics of dodecameric DNA

12塩基DNAの配列依存的な水和水ダイナミクス

中川 洋; 米谷 佳晃*; 中島 健次  ; 河村 聖子; 菊地 龍弥*; 稲村 泰弘; 片岡 幹雄*; 河野 秀俊*

Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yonetani, Yoshiteru*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kataoka, Mikio*; Kono, Hidetoshi*

5'CGCG$$underline{rm AATT}$$CGCG'3 and 5'CGCG$$underline{rm TTAA}$$CGCG'3のDNAについて、軽水と重水のコントラストを利用した中性子準弾性散乱による水和水ダイナミクスを測定した。この2つのDNAは計算機によってそれぞれ硬い分子と柔らかい分子であることが分かっている。どちらの配列も約240KにDNAと水和水のどちらも動力学転移が観測された。転移温度以上では、水和水の平均自乗変位は硬い配列の方が小さかった。また水和水の緩和時間は硬いほうが長かった。ピコ秒時間スケールの水和水ダイナミクスは配列依存的なDNAの硬さと関係していることを示唆した。

Hydration water dynamics were measured by quasi-elastic neutron scattering with Hn$$_{2}$$O/D$$_{2}$$O contrast for two DNA dodecamers, 5'CGCG$$underline{rm AATT}$$CGCG'3 and 5'CGCG$$underline{rm TTAA}$$CGCG'3, which have been computationally shown to be structurally rigid and flexible, respectively. The dynamical transitions of the hydration water as well as DNA were observed for both sequences at approximately 240 K. Above the transition temperature, the mean square displacements of the hydration water for the rigid sequence were smaller than those for the flexible one. Furthermore, the relaxation time of the hydration water was longer in the rigid DNA than in the flexible DNA. We suggest that hydration water dynamics on the picosecond timescale are associated with sequence-dependent deformability of DNA.

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