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Synergistic enhancement of the extraction and separation efficiencies of lanthanoid(III) ions by the formation of charged adducts in an ionic liquid

Okamura, Hiroyuki   ; Mizuno, Masayoshi*; Hirayama, Naoki*; Shimojo, Kojiro   ; Naganawa, Hirochika  ; Imura, Hisanori*

The synergistic ionic-liquid extraction and extraction equilibrium of lanthanoid(III) (Ln(III)) ions have been investigated using 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) and trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([C$$_{4}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]). The selective synergistic effect for heavier Ln(III) ions was found using a combination of Htta and TOPO in [C$$_{4}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N], leading to enhanced separability among Ln(III) ions. The extracted Ln(III) species and the extraction constants in the Htta-TOPO system were determined by three-dimensional extraction equilibrium analysis. The selective synergism for heavier Ln(III) ions in the Htta-TOPO system was ascribed to the formation of hydrophobic, charged adducts, such as Ln(tta)$$_{2}$$(TOPO)$$_{3}$$$$^{+}$$ and Ln(tta)(TOPO)$$_{3}$$$$^{2+}$$, in [C$$_{4}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N].

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Category:Engineering, Chemical

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