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Spin-orbit-induced Ising ferromagnetism at a van der Waals interface

Matsuoka, Hideki*; Barnes, S. E.*; Ieda, Junichi  ; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Bahramy, M. S.*; Saika, B. K.*; Takeda, Yukiharu  ; Wadachi, Hiroki*; Wang, Y.*; Yoshida, Satoshi*; Ishizaka, Kyoko*; Iwasa, Yoshihiro*; Nakano, Masaki*

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy, a key ingredient for establishing long-range order in a magnetic material down to the two-dimensional (2D) limit, is generally associated with spin-orbit interaction (SOI) involving a finite orbital angular momentum. Here we report strong out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy without orbital angular momentum, emerging at the interface between two different van der Waals (vdW) materials, an archetypal metallic vdW material NbSe$$_{2}$$ possessing Zeeman-type SOI and an isotropic vdW ferromagnet V$${}_5$$Se$${}_8$$. We found that the Zeeman SOI in NbSe$$_{2}$$ induces robust out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy in V$$_{5}$$Se$$_{8}$$ down to the 2D limit with a more than 2-fold enhancement of the transition temperature. We propose a simple model that takes into account the energy gain in NbSe$$_{2}$$ in contact with a ferromagnet, which naturally explains our observations. Our results demonstrate a conceptually new magnetic proximity effect at the vdW interface, expanding the horizons of emergent phenomena achievable in vdW heterostructures.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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