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In-situ backfilling experiment of the small scall drift by spray method in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan

小断面坑道の吹き付けによる埋め戻し材の施工試験

松井 裕哉; 矢萩 良二*; 石塚 光*; 戸栗 智仁*

Matsui, Hiroya; Yahagi, Ryoji*; Ishizuka, Hikaru*; Toguri, Satohito*

原子力機構が掘削した瑞浪超深地層研究所の深度500m研究坑道において小断面坑道における全断面吹付け施工による埋め戻し材の施工試験を実施した。埋め戻し材の透水性は、周辺岩盤の透水性と同等以下を目標とし、原子力発電環境整備機構(NUMO)が示した有効粘土密度と透水係数の関係から原位置で施工した埋め戻し材の密度は0.4Mg/m$$^{3}$$以上の有効粘土密度となるように考え、その品質管理手法も含めた実証的原位置試験を実施した。その結果、本試験で用いた品質管理手法により目標となる埋め戻し材の有効粘土密度を確保でき、地下深部においても適用可能な方法を示した。この試験は、経済産業省資源エネルギー庁からの受託研究の一部として実施したものである。

In situ backfilling experiment using spray method in the small scale drift (approximately 4 by 3 m scale) was conducted at 500 m depth in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) established by JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency). The backfill material consists of sand and bentonite. Specification for the backfill material was designed to satisfy the target permeability of generic host rock (10$$^{-8}$$ m/sec) assumed by NUMO. In this case, effective clay density should be 0.4 Mg/m$$^{3}$$ or more. Quality control of the material before backfilling was performed by setting the initial water contents (average 14%) based on the results of the laboratory testing and preliminary spray testing on ground surface. Densities of the backfilled material measured at any points satisfied the specification and the results suggested the establishment of the practical quality control methodology of the backfilling by spray method under actual deep geological environment. The in situ experiment was sponsored by METI (Ministry of Environment, Trade and Industry).

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