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Nuclear-modification factor of charged hadrons at forward and backward rapidity in $$p+$$Al and $$p+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Imai, Kenichi*; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; Tanida, Kiyoshi; PHENIX Collaboration*; 297 of others*

The PHENIX experiment has studied nuclear effects in $$p$$$$+$$Al and $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV on charged hadron production at forward rapidity ($$1.4< eta < 2.4$$, $$p$$-going direction) and backward rapidity ($$-2.2 < eta < -1.2$$, $$A$$-going direction). Such effects are quantified by measuring nuclear modification factors as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity in various collision multiplicity selections. In central $$p$$$$+$$Al and $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions, a suppression (enhancement) is observed at forward (backward) rapidity compared to the binary scaled yields in $$p$$+$$p$$ collisions. The magnitude of enhancement at backward rapidity is larger in $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions than in $$p$$$$+$$Al collisions, which have a smaller number of participating nucleons. However, the results at forward rapidity show a similar suppression within uncertainties. The results in the integrated centrality are compared with calculations using nuclear parton distribution functions, which show a reasonable agreement at the forward rapidity but fail to describe the backward rapidity enhancement.

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Category:Physics, Nuclear

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